Web design encompasses many different skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of websites. The different areas of web design include web graphic design, interface design, authoring, including standardised code and proprietary software, user experience design, and search engine optimization.
Often many individuals will work in teams covering different aspects of the design process, although some designers will cover them all! The term web design is normally used to describe the design process relating to the client side design of a website including writing mark up. Web design partially overlaps web engineering in the broader scope of web development. Web designers are expected to have an awareness of usability and if their role involves creating mark up then they are also expected to be up to date with web accessibility guidelines.
Skills and techniques that are considered used by a web designer include the following:
- Marketing and communication design
- User experience design and interactive design
- Page layout
- Motion graphics
- Quality of code
There are two main jobs involved in creating a website, the web designer and web developer, who often work closely together on a website. The designers are responsible for the visual aspect of the website that include the layout, typography and colouring of the website. Web designers usually have a working knowledge of markup languages such as HTML and CSS which are the common and well known languages of coding. Web developers on the other hand are the ones who look after the code making sure that it’s neat and easy to read for other web developers so if they had to hand it over to someone else the new developer will be clear on what the code is doing. keeping the code clean consists of using a good piece of software to write it up in such as Brackets which I assume is free. Brackets uses colours to indicate functions, inputs and outputs, also it has auto indenture. We will go more into detail of coding and how it all works in a separate blog.
Web design is usually more than a one man job and to get a better result it’s always best to have two different teams working together, one on the design and the other on the development process. Most graphic designers will create the content for the site and how it should look and navigate, though most graphic designers now know how to roughly code and whip up a website using software such as Muse, Dreamweaver and websites that let you create sites like Wix and Weebly.